APA Format: A How-To Style Guide With Examples

APA format is regarded as three citation that is main you’re expected to encounter at some time throughout your education.

Specifically in psychology, education, together with sciences, APA format could be the citation that is preferred over other popular style guides, like MLA format, that is commonly used in the humanities.

APA format definition

APA format is an style that is academic produced by the American Psychological Association. It really is most often used for scientific papers, especially research-based content.

APA format is preferred among many disciplines because of its emphasis and clarity on highlighting newer source material (for example. date-focused citations with a preference for ‘recent’ source content). Below are instructions and examples for formatting general the different parts of an APA paper that is formatted including just how to write a cover page, running head (header), an in-text citation, and a Reference section.

Note: there are the different parts of this style guide that overlap with MLA format. Thus, you may find that section of these details is restated from the MLA guide; however, there are numerous components unique to APA alone and neither guide can sufficiently substitute the other.

General guidelines that are formatting APA

  • Your document ought to be typed in double-space, 12 pt. font. The font that is standard Times New Roman, many scholars prefer Arial.
  • Your document’s margins should be one inch on all sides.
  • You really need to include a cover page (aka title page) unless otherwise specified.
  • A running must be included by you head (in other words. a typical page header) that sits at the top of every page of one’s document.
  • To create the head that is running use the “Insert Header” function on your word processor.
  • Every page must be numbered in the right hand side of the page inside the auto-created Header. You will insert the title flush left in all caps.
  • The title must be in title case; every expressed word should not be capitalized.
  • Your first and paragraphs that are subsequent be indented one half inch through the left associated with document. You should use the TAB button function to indent instead of the space bar.
  • There should simply be one space in the end marks of punctuation. Because word processing software already makes up about the room after a punctuation mark, adding two spaces is inaccurate and antiquated.

Running head formatting is specific to APA and really should never be useful for other citation types. To create the head that is running ensure it turns up on every page of one’s document, utilize the “Insert Header” function on your own word processor and then type the title of one’s paper flush left using all capital letters.

The running head is a shortened version of your full paper title, and thus the running head must not exceed significantly more than 50 characters including punctuation marks and character spacing.

The above example is 49 characters long, including spaces and marks of punctuation (when it comes to title).

Your cover page will include the following information: title regarding the paper, author’s name, and institutional affiliation (in other words. the university, college, or academic/professional institution for which you are writing your paper). You must likewise incorporate a running head flush left with all the pagination flush right towards the top of one’s document.

Note: On the cover page, your head that is running will different than it does on all subsequent pages.

That it is the paper’s running head; on all other pages, you need not include these words in addition to your title as you can see, you must include the words “Running head” on your title page to indicate.

APA in-text citations are not determined by container (e.g. book, article). Citations should be in parentheses and placed at the conclusion of a sentence before the period, whether paraphrasing or citing a direct quote.

APA format follows the style that is author-date (Last Name, Year) and uses a comma between the two elements. If referencing a specific spot in the writing, you might be encouraged to make use of exact page numbers using a lowercase p. + the page number into the parentheses after the year.

All citations, aside from container, are formatted the same for in-text citations in APA. There’s no variance predicated on container as it is true for MLA style.

Note: There are different formatting requirements for short vs. long quotations in APA.

General in-text citation rules:

  • Titles of source material should be capitalized (that is not the full case on the References page); all words four letters or longer also needs to be capitalized (exceptions for pronouns, adjectives, nouns, verbs, adverbs, etc.)
  • Hyphenated compound words in a title are both capitalized, not merely the word that is first
  • The first word directly after a colon or dash is capitalized
  • All longer container titles (e.g. books, films, TV series, music albums) should be italicized

Short quotations

Direct quotes (non-paraphrasing) require the name that is author’s year of publication, and page number in (p. #) format. You might either use the author’s name that is last the sentence preceding the parenthetical citation or range from the author’s last name within the parentheses directly.

Long quotations

Long, direct quotations (40 words or even more) ought to be written in block format without quotation marks. The quotation must start on a new line indented another half inch inward (where a brand new paragraph would naturally begin. All lines that are subsequent be indented as such. Long quotes should be double-spaced like the rest of one’s document, and the citation that is parenthetical following the final punctuation mark of the quotation.

General format for very long quotations:

King (1986) noted:

A boy that is small a yellow slicker and red galoshes ran cheerfully along next to the newspaper boat. The rain had not stopped, but it was finally slackening. It tapped on the yellow hood associated with boy’s slicker, sounding to his ears such as the rain on the roof that is shed. (p. 3)

Your APA-formatted Reference page is where the extended, detailed versions of all of the references used through your essay or research paper are.

For every single container listed below, you will find a formula that is general citing the source in your Reference page along side a good example.

General Reference page rules:

  • Use hanging indentations for each line that follows the line that is firstsecond and subsequent lines in a single reference should really be indented)
  • Author names should always be in Last name format that is first initialfor as much as six authors of one given work)
  • All reference entries should always be in alphabetical order
  • Any books or materials compiled by exactly the same s that are author( should always be listen in chronological order from oldest to the majority of recent
  • Use whatever capitalization and punctuation can be used by an container that is original https://essaytyperonline.com even in the event not ‘standard’